# Physics

**Period: **First semester

**Course Unit Contents:**

Mechanics of the point.

- Kinematics of the point: movement in one and two dimensions (circular motion), vectorial calculus.
- Dynamics of the point: force, three Newton's laws, work of a force, kinetic energy, conservative forces and potential energy, principle of the energy conservation. Harmonic motion, pendulum.
- Angular momentum and angular momentum conservation
- Gravitation

Fluidodynamics

- Definition of fluids: pressure, density. Stevin's law, Archimede's law. Bernoulli's theorem. Real fluids, viscosity, Poiseuille's law.
- Superficial tension, Laplace's law, Jurin's law.

Thermodynamics

- Temperature, ideal gas law, internal energy, transformations, heat, work, equivalence of work and heat. First principle of the Thermodynamics. Second principle of the Thermodynamics.

Electromagnetism

- Electrostatics: electric charge, Coulomb's force, electric field, electric potential.
- Electric current: generators, Ohm's law, Kirkhoff's law, capacitors.
- Magnetostatics: magnets, magnetic field, magnetic dipole, forces on a current and on a charge in movement.

Waves

- sinusoidal waves, wavelength, frequency, period, velocity, superposition principle, spectral decomposition.
- Light: electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic spectrum, light velocity.
- Interference, diffraction.
- Reflection, refraction: lens, focal length, real and virtual images, optical instruments with only one lens.

**Planned learning activities and teaching methods: **There are frontal lessons. At the end of each argument various exercises are developed. Some exercices are proposed as homework.

In parallel to the course there is also lessons made by a tutor.

Last modified: Thursday, 18 May 2023, 4:01 PM